Charged Particle Beams Simulation
LORENTZ™ programs can simulate a wide variety of charge particle beam trajectory applications. Examples include Electron guns, Ion guns, Ion implanters, Nanotube ﬁeld emitter, Sputtering sources, X-ray tubes and Ion propulsion
Physical properties that can be modeled are:
- The nature of the emission source: Child’s Law, Schottky Emissions, Fowler-Nordheim Emission, etc.
- The effect of the beam charge on the electric solution.
- The electric repulsion between like charged particle rays and attraction between opposite charged rays.
- The magnetic effects caused by current in the beam, including self-magnetic effort of the beam on itself.
LORENTZ-EM™ (2D/RS) and LORENTZ-EM™ (3D) compute beam trajectories under the inﬂuence of both electric and magnetic ﬁelds simultaneously. The hybrid programs combine the full capabilities of ELECTRO™/MAGNETO™ (2D/RS) or COULOMB™/AMPERES™ (3D) and are particularly useful for designing charge particle beam trajectory applications.