LORENTZ will also calculate the emission characteristics and space charge effects of a large number of charged particles forming a beam. Effects computed include:
- The nature of the emission source: Child’s Law, Schottky Emissions, Fowler-Nordheim Emission, etc.
- The effect of the beam charge on the electric solution.
- The electric repulsion between like charged particle rays and attraction between opposite charged rays.
- The magnetic effects caused by current in the beam, including self-magnetic effort of the beam on itself.
- Electron guns
- Ion guns
- Ion implanters
- Nanotube field emitters
- Sputtering sources
- Ion propulsion