Motors

motor
Magnetic field

One of the most common uses of permanent magnets is for creating the magnetic fields in electric motors. The only way to try new concepts or to optimize an existing design is by either finite element or boundary element simulation.

Some of the common parameters available:

  • Torque curves as a function of angular position
  • Flux linkage calculations for determining the back electromotive force
  • Losses which can then be used to calculate the thermal profile of the motor
  • Advanced winding features which enable the designer to include winding diagrams in the finite/boundary element analysis.
  • Transient calculation such as current and torque versus time

Some specific motor cases:

Brushless DC Motors:

For brushless DC motor electromechanical simulation it is usually sufficient to conduct a 2D design analysis with MAGNETO . If it is necessary to include the effects of flux leakage at the ends of the motor, then AMPERES should be used as the CAE software.

Induction Motors:

For induction motor simulation it is usually sufficient to conduct a 2D design analyis with OERSTED . If it is necessary to include the effects of flux leakage at the ends of the motor, then FARADAY should be used as the CAE software.

Voice Coil Motors:

Hard Disk Read-Write Actuator Arm:

AMPERES is recommended, as the configuration of the permanent magnets requires a full 3D analysis.

Loudspeakers:

Conventional dynamic cone loudspeakers can usually be analyzed using a MAGNETO RS model. More exotic shapes may require AMPERES , and loudspeakers employing electrostatic forces may require ELECTRO or COULOMB . The Boundary Element Method has a particular advantage for this application because of its ability to generate extremely accurate air gap field analyses.

Analysis Type Software Analysis Type Software
2D static or low frequency MAGNETO
2D Heating Analysis KELVIN
2D Eddy Current OERSTED
3D Heating Analysis CELSIUS
3D static or low frequency AMPERES
2D Electric ELECTRO
3D Eddy Current FARADAY
3D Electric COULOMB