Transmission Lines

Transmission system

Magnetic flux density surfaces around a complex distribution
power lines configuration. Courtesy of IREQ.
Applications such as high voltage transmission require the analysis of flashover discharges. The insulators that support the power lines are associated with complicated conducting structures and corona rings. The simulation of a complete transmitting tower along with power lines  supported by the insulators  is fundamental for the estimation of the electric field levels at an arbitrary point on the insulators and the corona rings.
The distance from one tower to the next one is usually about 200 to 300 meters, while its height is 20 to 25 meters. The high voltage transmission runs on power transmission lines with a diameter of about one inch; this size is very small when comparing to the size of the transmitting tower and the distance between the towers.
Modeling the power lines between the towers
The power lines between the towers are long, skinny volumes that complicate the simulation.
This model clearly involves a wide open space around the device, and problems involving such a big open region cannot be simulated using Finite Element Method (FEM). Instead, Boundary Element Method (BEM) is the mathematical solver that better suits the simulation of transmitting towers.
To solve this problem, COULOMB incorporates linear segment conductors with the radius of the conductor as an important parameter in the analysis. These linear segment conductors need onedimensional elements which simplifies the BEM simulation greatly.
In places where tough terrain conditions exist, communication lines run about two meters under the power lines, maximizing the use of the infrastructure built for the power transmission.
The value of the electric field  produced by the power lines at the location of the communication line  must be even lower than an allowable minimum value in order to achieve reliable communication.
COULOMB can efficiently simulate these requirements.
Two conductor transmission lines and Multiconductor Transmission Lines (MTL) can be analyzed using ELECTRO . Capacitance, Inductance, Conductance, and Characteristic Impedance matrices of an MTL can be calculated. Eigen values and velocities of different propagating modes in an MTL are also obtained. There is no limitation on the presence of number of dielectric materials in the model and any arbitrary 2Dcross section of the transmission can be handled by our CAE software
For open or closed region problems, designers have waveguide sources available in our programs.
The Inductance Matrix with linear permeable materials can be calculated by AMPERES (3D simulation) and MAGNETO (2D/RS).